9 At-Tawbah | Repentance

  • 9:1

    This is an ultimatum from God and His messenger to those who set up partners with whom you had entered a treaty.

  • 9:2

    Therefore, roam the land for four months and know that you will not escape God, and that God will humiliate the ingrates.

  • 9:3

    A declaration from God and His messenger to the people, on this, the peak day of the Pilgrimage: "That God and His messenger are free from obligation to those who set up partners." If you repent, then it is better for you, but if you turn away, then know that you will not escape God. Promise those who have rejected of a painful retribution;

  • 9:4

    Except for those with whom you had a treaty from among those who have set up partners if they did not reduce anything from it nor did they plan to attack you; you shall fulfill their terms until they expire. God loves the righteous.

  • 9:5

    So when the restricted months have passed, then you may kill those who have set up partners wherever you find them, take them, surround them, and stand against them at every point. If they repent, hold the contact prayer, and contribute towards betterment, then you shall leave them alone. God is Forgiving, Compassionate.

  • 9:6

    If any of those who have set up partners seeks your protection, then you may protect him so that he may hear the words of God, then let him reach his sanctuary. This is because they are a people who do not know.

  • 9:7

    If any of those who have set up partners seeks your protection, then you may protect him so that he may hear the words of God, then let him reach his sanctuary. This is because they are a people who do not know.How can those who have set up partners have a pledge with God and with His messenger? Except for those with whom you made a pledge near the Restricted Temple, as long as they are upright with you, then you are upright with them. God loves the righteous.

  • 9:8

    How is it that when they come upon you they disregard all ties, either that of kinship or of pledge. They seek to please you with their words, but their hearts deny, and most of them are wicked.

  • 9:9

    They purchased with God's signs a small price, so they turn others from His path. Evil indeed is what they used to do.

  • 9:10

    They neither respect the ties of kinship nor a pledge for any those who acknowl-edge. These are the transgressors.

  • 9:11

    If they repent, and they hold the contact prayer, and they contribute towards betterment, then they are your brothers in the system. We explain the signs for a people who know.

  • 9:12

    If they break their oaths after their pledge, and they taunt and attack your system; then you may kill the chiefs of rejection. Their oaths are nothing to them, perhaps they will then cease.

  • 9:13

    Would you not fight a people who broke their oaths and intended to expel the messenger, especially while they were the ones who attacked you first? Do you fear them? It is God who is more worthy to be feared if you are those who acknowledge.

  • 9:14

    Fight them; perhaps God will punish them by your hands, humiliate them, grant you victory over them and heal the chests of an acknowledging people,

  • 9:15

    To remove the anger from their hearts; God pardons whom he pleases. God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

  • 9:16

    Or did you think that you would be left alone? God will come to know those of you who strived and did not take other than God and His messenger and those who acknowledge as helpers. God is Ever-aware in what you do.

  • 9:17

    It was not for those who have set up partners to maintain God's temples while they bear witness over their own rejection. For these, their works have fallen, and in the fire they will abide.

  • 9:18

    Rather, the temples of God are maintained by the one who acknowledges God and the Last day, holds the contact prayer, contributes towards betterment, and he does not fear except God. It is these that will be of the guided ones.

  • 9:19

    Have you made serving drink to the pilgrims and the maintenance of the Restricted Temple the same as one who acknowledges God and the Last day, who strives in the cause of God? They are not the same with God. God does not guide the wicked people.

  • 9:20

    Those who acknowledged, emigrated, strived in the cause of God with their wealth and their lives are in a greater degree with God. These are the winners.

  • 9:21

    Their Lord gives them good news of a Mercy from Him, acceptance, and gardens that are for them in which there is permanent bliss.

  • 9:22

    They will abide in it eternally. God has a great reward.

  • 9:23

    O you who acknowledge, do not take your fathers nor brothers as allies if they prefer rejection to acknowledgement. Whoever of you takes them as such, then these are the wicked.

  • 9:24

    Say, "If your fathers, your sons, your brothers, your spouses, your clan, and money which you have gathered, a trade in which you fear a decline, and homes which you enjoy; if these are dearer to you than God and His messenger and striving in His cause, then wait until God brings His decision. God does not guide the wicked people."

  • 9:25

    God has granted you victory in many battlefields. On the day of Hunayn, when you were pleased with your great numbers but it did not help you at all, and the land became tight around you for what it held, then you turned to flee.

  • 9:26

    Then God sent down tranquility upon His messenger and those who acknowledge, and He sent down soldiers which you did not see. He thus punished those who rejected. Such is the recompense of the ingrates.

  • 9:27

    Then God will accept the repentance of whom He pleases after that. God is Forgiving, Compassionate.

  • 9:28

    O you who acknowledge, those who have set up partners are impure, so let them not approach the Restricted Temple after this calendar year of theirs. If you fear poverty, then God will enrich you from His blessings if He wills. God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

  • 9:29

    Fight those who do not acknowledge God nor the Last day among the people who received the book; they do not forbid what God and His messenger have forbidden, and they do not uphold the system of truth; until they pay the reparation, in humility.

  • 9:30

    The Jews said, "Ezra is God's son," and the Nazarenes said, "The Messiah is God's son." Such is their utterances with their mouths; they imitate the sayings of those who rejected before them. God's curse be on them. How deviated are they!

  • 9:31

    They took their scholars and priests to be lords besides God, and the Messiah son of Mary, while they were only commanded to serve One god, there is no god but He, be He glorified for what they set up.

  • 9:32

    They want to extinguish God's light with their mouths, but God refuses such and lets His light continue, even if the ingrates hate it.

  • 9:33

    He is the One who sent His messenger with guidance and the system of truth, to make it manifest above all other systems, even if those who set up partners hate it.

  • 9:34

    O you who acknowledge, many of the scholars and priests consume people's money in falsehood, and they turn away from the path of God. Those who hoard gold and silver, and do not spend it in the cause of God, give them news of a painful retribution.

  • 9:35

    On the day when they will be seared in the fires of hell, their foreheads, sides and backs will be branded with it: "This is what you have hoarded for yourselves, so taste what you have hoarded!"

  • 9:36

    The count of the months with God is twelve months in God's book the day He created the heavens and the earth; four of them are restricted. This is the correct system; so do not wrong yourselves in them. Fight those who set up partners collectively as they fight you collectively. Know that God is with the righteous.

  • 9:37

    Know that accelerating the intercalary is an addition in rejection; that those who have rejected may misguide with it. They make it lawful one calendar year, and they forbid it one calendar year, so as to circumvent the count that God has made restricted; thus they make lawful what God made forbidden! Their evil works have been adorned for them, and God does not guide the rejecting people.

  • 9:38

    O you who acknowledge, what is wrong with you when you are told: "March forth in the cause of God," you become heavy on earth. Have you become content with this worldly life over the Hereafter? The enjoyment of this worldly life compared to the Hereafter is nothing.

  • 9:39

    If you do not march forth, then He will punish you with a painful retribution, He will replace you with another people, and you do not bother Him in the least. God is capable of all things.

  • 9:40

    If you do not help him, then God has helped him. When those who rejected expelled him, he was one of only two, and when both were in the cave, he said to his friend: "Do not grieve, for God is with us." So God sent down tranquility over him and He supported him with soldiers that you did not see, and He made the word of those who rejected be the lowest, and God's word be the highest. God is Noble, Wise.

  • 9:41

    March forth in light gear or heavy gear, and strive with your money and lives in the cause of God. That is best if you knew.

  • 9:42

    If it were a near gain, or an easy journey, they would have followed you; but the distance was too much for them. They will swear by God: "If we could have, we would have come with you." They destroy themselves, and God knows they are liars.

  • 9:43

    God pardons you; why did you grant them leave before it became clear to you who are truthful, and who are lying?

  • 9:44

    Those who acknowledge God and the Last day will not ask leave. They strive with their money and their lives. God is aware of the righteous.

  • 9:45

    Those who ask leave are the ones who do not acknowledge God and the Last day, and their hearts are in doubt. In their doubts they are wavering.

  • 9:46

    If they had gone with you then they would have taken all preparation for it, but God disliked their being sent forth, so He hindered them, and they were told: "Stay with those who have stayed."

  • 9:47

    Had they come out with you they would have added nothing but disorder, and they would have hurried about seeking a test among you. There are some amongst you who listen to them. God is aware of the wicked.

  • 9:48

    They wanted to test from before, and they turned matters upside down for you until the truth came and God's command was revealed, while they hated it.

  • 9:49

    Some of them say, "Grant me leave, and do not test me." But it is in the test that they have indeed fallen, and hell is surrounding the ingrates.

  • 9:50

    When any good befalls you, it upsets them, and if any bad befalls you, they say, "We have taken our precautions beforehand," and they turn away rejoicing.

  • 9:51

    Say, "Nothing will befall us except what God has decreed for us; He is our Pa-tron." In God those who acknowledge shall put their trust.

  • 9:52

    Say, "While we wait for you to be afflicted by God with retribution from Him, or at our hands you can only expect for us one of two good things. So wait, we are with you waiting."

  • 9:53

    Say, "Spend willingly or unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you. You are a wicked people."

  • 9:54

    What prevented the acceptance of their spending was that they rejected God and His messenger, and they do not attend to the contact prayer except lazily, and they do not spend except unwillingly.

  • 9:55

    So do not be impressed by their wealth or children; God only wishes to punish them with it in the worldly life, and so that their lives will end while they are ingrates.

  • 9:56

    They swear by God that they are with you, while they are not with you; but they are timid and divisive people.

  • 9:57

    If they could find a refuge, a cave, or any place to enter, then they would have run to it, rushing.

  • 9:58

    Some of them are those who criticize you regarding the charities. If they are given from it, they are content; but if they are not given from it, they become enraged!

  • 9:59

    If only they were content with what God and His messenger had given them, and had said, "God suffices us; God will give us from His bounty, and so His messenger; it is to God that we desire."

  • 9:60

    The charities are to go to the poor, the needy, those who work on their collection, those whose hearts are to be reconciled, free the slaves, those in debt, in the cause of God, and to the wayfarer. A duty from God; God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

  • 9:61

    Among them are those who hurt the prophet, and they say, "He only listens!" Say, "What he listens to is best for you. He acknowledges God, he trusts those who acknowledge, and he is a mercy to those who acknowledge among you." Those who hurt God's messenger will have a painful retribution.

  • 9:62

    They swear to you by God in order to please you; while God and His messenger is more worthy to be pleased if they were those who acknowledge.

  • 9:63

    Did they not know that whoever is hostile towards God and His messenger, he will have the fire of hell to abide in. Such is the greatest humiliation.

  • 9:64

    The hypocrites fear that a chapter will be sent down against them exposing what is in their hearts. Say, "Mock, for God will bring out what you fear."

  • 9:65

    If you ask them they say, "We were only jesting and playing." Say, "Is it in God and His signs and His messenger you were mocking?"

  • 9:66

    Do not apologize, for you have rejected after your acknowledgement. Even if We pardon one group from you, We will punish another group, because they were criminals.

  • 9:67

    The hypocrite men and the hypocrite women, they are the same. They order evil, deter from good, and they are tightfisted. They ignored God, so He ignored them; the hypocrites are the wicked.

  • 9:68

    God has promised the hypocrite men and women and the ingrates a fire in hell, in it they will abide; it suffices them. God has cursed them and they will have a lasting retribution.

  • 9:69

    Like those before you; they were more powerful than you, and had more wealth and offspring. They enjoyed their lot, and you enjoyed your lot as those before you enjoyed their lives; and you indulged as they indulged. These are those whose works crumbled in this world and the hereafter, and they were the losers.

  • 9:70

    Had not the news of those before them come to them, the people of Noah and Aad and Thamud. The people of Abraham, and the dwellers of Midian, and those overthrown. Their messengers came to them with proofs; it was not God who wronged them, but it was themselves that they wronged.

  • 9:71

    The acknowledging men and women, they are allies to one another. They order good and deter from evil, and they hold the contact prayer, and they contribute towards betterment, and they obey God and His messenger. God will have mercy on them; God is Noble, Wise.

  • 9:72

    God has promised the acknowledging men and women gardens with rivers flowing beneath it, in which they will abide, and pleasing homes in the everlasting gardens. The acceptance from God is the most important; such is the greatest success.

  • 9:73

    O prophet, strive against the ingrates and the hypocrites and be firm against them. Their dwelling is hell, what a miserable destiny!

  • 9:74

    They swear by God that they did not say it, while they had said the word of rejection, and they rejected after they had peacefully surrendered, and they were concerned with what they could not possess; and they could not find any fault except that God and His messenger had enriched them from His bounty. If they repent it is better for them, and if they turn away, then God will punish them severely in this world and the next. They will not have on earth any ally or supporter.

  • 9:75

    Some of them pledged to God: "If He gives us from His bounty, then we will acknowledge and we will be amongst the reformed."

  • 9:76

    Yet when He gave them of His bounty, they became stingy with it, and they turned away in aversion.

  • 9:77

    Thus, they ended up with hypocrisy in hearts until the day they meet Him; that is for breaking what they promised to God, and for what they were lying.

  • 9:78

    Did they not know that God knows their secrets, their conspiracies, and that God is the knower of all the unseen?

  • 9:79

    God mocks those who criticize the generous acknowledgers for giving too much; and disdain those who do not have anything to give but their effort, God disdains them, and they will have a painful retribution.

  • 9:80

    Whether you seek forgiveness for them, or do not seek forgiveness for them. If you seek forgiveness for them sev-enty times, God will not forgive them. That is because they have rejected God and His messenger; and God does not guide the wicked people.

  • 9:81

    Those who were left behind rejoiced their staying behind God's messenger, and they disliked to strive with their wealth and lives in the cause of God. They said, "Do not march out in the heat." Say, "The fire of hell is far hot-ter." If they could only understand!

  • 9:82

    Let them laugh a little, and cry a lot, as a recompense for what they had earned.

  • 9:83

    If God returns you to a group of them, and they ask your permission to come with you, then say, "You will not come with me ever; nor will you fight any enemy with me. You had accepted staying behind the first time, so stay with those who remain behind."

  • 9:84

    Do not show support for anyone of them who dies, nor stand at his grave. They have rejected God and His messenger and died while they were wicked.

  • 9:85

    Do not also be impressed by their wealth and their children; God only wishes to punish them with it in this world, and their selves will vanish while they are ingrates.

  • 9:86

    If a chapter is sent down: "That you shall acknowledge God and strive with His messenger," those with wealth and influence ask your permission and they say, "Let us be with those who remain behind."

  • 9:87

    They were content to stay with those who remained behind, and it was stamped on their hearts, for they do not reason.

  • 9:88

    But the messenger and those who acknowledge with him have strived with their money and their lives. For them will be the good things, and they are the successful ones.

  • 9:89

    God has prepared for them gardens with rivers flowing beneath, in them they shall abide. Such is the great gain.

  • 9:90

    Those who made excuses from among the Arabs came to get permission. Thus, those who denied God and His messenger stayed behind. Those who rejected from them will be inflicted with a painful retribution.

  • 9:91

    There is no blame to be placed upon the weak, the sick, or those who do not find anything to spend on, as long as they are sincere to God and His messenger. There is no argument against the good doers; and God is Forgiving, Compassionate.

  • 9:92

    Nor upon those who come to ride out with you, while you said, "I do not have any mounts for you;" they turned away while their eyes were flooded with tears out of sadness, for they could not find anything to contribute.

  • 9:93

    Indeed, the argument is against those who sought your permission to stay while they had the means. They accepted to be with those who remained behind; God stamped their hearts, for they do not know.

  • 9:94

    They will apologize to you when you return to them. Say, "Do not apologize; we will no longer trust you, for God has told us of your news." God will see your work, as will His messenger, then you will be returned to the knower of the unseen and the seen, He will inform you of what you did.

  • 9:95

    They will swear by God to you when you return to them, so that you may overlook them. So overlook them, for they are tainted, and their destiny is hell as a recompense for what they earned.

  • 9:96

    They swear to you so that you would accept them. Even if you accept them, God does not accept the wicked people.

  • 9:97

    The Arabs are the worst in rejection and hypocrisy, and more likely not to know the limits of what God has sent down upon His messenger. God is Knower, Wise.

  • 9:98

    From the Arabs are some who look upon what they spend as a fine, and wait for disasters to befall you. They will have the evil disasters, and God is Hearer, Knowledgeable.

  • 9:99

    From the Arabs there is he who acknowledges God and the Last day, and considers his spending as a means to-wards God, and the support of the messenger. It indeed makes them closer. God will admit them in His mercy; God is Forgiving, Compassionate.

  • 9:100

    The pioneers of the emigrants and the supporters, and those who followed them in kindness; God has accepted them, and they have accepted Him; and He prepared for them gardens with rivers flowing beneath in which they will abide eternally. Such is the great success.

  • 9:101

    Among the Arabs around you are hypocrites, as well as from the city people; they are audacious in hypocrisy. You do not know them, but We know them. We will punish them twice, then they will be returned to a great punishment.

  • 9:102

    Others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed good work with bad. Perhaps God will pardon them. God is Forgiving, Compassionate.

  • 9:103

    Take from their money a charity to purify them and improve them with it, and support them. Your support is tranquility for them; and God is Hearer, Knowledgeable.

  • 9:104

    Did they not know that it is God who accepts repentance from His servants, and He takes the charities, and that God is the Pardoner, Compassionate.

  • 9:105

    Say, "Work, and God will see your work and so His messenger and those who acknowledge. You will be sent back to the knower of the unseen and the seen, and He will inform you of what you did."

  • 9:106

    Others are waiting for God's decision; either He will punish them, or He will pardon them. God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

  • 9:107

    There are those who establish a temple to do harm and cause rejection, to cause division among those who acknowledge, and as an outpost for those who fought God and His messenger before. They will swear that they only wanted to do good, but God bears witness that they are liars.

  • 9:108

    You shall never stand there. A temple that is founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy of your standing; in it are men who love to be cleansed. God loves the cleansed.

  • 9:109

    Is one who lays his foundation on obtaining awareness from God and His acceptance better, or one who lays his foundation on the edge of a cliff which is about to crumble, so that it crumbled with him into the fires of hell? God does not guide the wicked people.

  • 9:110

    Such a structures that they erect will never cease to cause doubt in their hearts, until their hearts are severed. God is Knowledgeable, Wise.

  • 9:111

    God has purchased from those who acknowledge their very lives and their wealth; that they will have paradise. They fight in the cause of God so they kill and are killed. A promise that is true upon Him in the Torah, the Injeel and the Quran. Whoever fulfills his pledge to God, then have good news of the deal which you concluded with. Such is the supreme success.

  • 9:112

    They are the repenters, the servers, the praisers, the activists, the bowing, the prostrating, the advocators of good, the forbidders of evil, and the keepers of God's ordinance. Give good news to those who acknowledge.

  • 9:113

    It is not for the prophet and those who acknowledge that they should seek forgiveness for those who have set up partners, even if they are relatives, after it has been made clear to them that they are the dwellers of hell.

  • 9:114

    Abraham seeking forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise he made to him. But when it became clear that he was God's enemy, he disowned him. Abraham was kind, compassionate.

  • 9:115

    God will never mislead a people after He guided them, until He makes clear to them what they should be aware. God is knower of all things.

  • 9:116

    To God is the sovereignty of heavens and earth, He causes life and death. You have none besides God as a supporter or victor.

  • 9:117

    God has pardoned the prophet and the emigrants and the supporters that followed him in the darkest moment, even though the hearts of some of them nearly deviated, but then He pardoned them. He is towards them Kind, Compassionate.

  • 9:118

    Also upon the three who were left behind until the land, as vast as it is, became strained to them, and their very selves became strained; they thought there is no shelter from God except to Him. Then He pardoned them that they might repent. God is the Redeemer, the Compassionate.

  • 9:119

    O you who acknowledge, be aware of God and be with the truthful.

  • 9:120

    It is not advisable for the city dwellers and those around them of the Arabs that they should lag behind after God's messenger, nor should they yearn for themselves above him. That is because any thirst, fatigue, or hunger that afflicts them in the cause of God, or any step that they take which will annoy the in-grates, or any gain they have over any enemy; it will be recorded as a good deed for them. God does not waste the reward of the good doers.

  • 9:121

    Anything small or large they spend, or any valley they cross, it will be recorded for them. God will recompense them with the best of what they did.

  • 9:122

    It is not advisable for those who acknowledge to march out in their entirety. For every battalion that marches out, let a group remain to study the system, and warn their people when they return to them, perhaps they will be cautious.

  • 9:123

    O you who acknowledge, fight the ingrates who gird you about, and let them find strength in you; know that God is with the righteous.

  • 9:124

    When a chapter is revealed, some of them say, "Whose acknowledgement has this increased?" For those who acknowledge, it increased their acknowledgment, and they rejoice.

  • 9:125

    As for those who have a disease in their hearts, it only increased foulness to their foulness, and they died as ingrates.

  • 9:126

    Do they not see they are tested every calendar year once or twice? Yet, they do not repent, nor do they take heed.

  • 9:127

    When a chapter is revealed, they looked at one another: "Does anyone see you?", then they turn away. God turns away their hearts, for they are a people who do not comprehend.

  • 9:128

    Now hath come unto you a Messenger from amongst yourselves: it grieves him that ye should suffer, ardently anxious is he over you: to the Believers is he most kind and merciful.

  • 9:129

    But if they turn away, Say: "(Allah) sufficeth me: there is no god but He: On Him is my trust,- He the Lord of the Throne Supreme!"